Motor Dysgraphia is the most commonly referred form of dysgraphia.
Do you know a child that has trouble walking down the hall without touching it or likes to spin and spin and spin? How about that child whose movements are jerky and unrefined?
How about that one that is constantly moving around in their seat? or slouching and sliding under the desk?
Maybe the gross motor movements are okay, but they cannot manage fine motor tasks. When they right you wonder how they got into that awkward position.
Motor development is part of the mechanical aspects of handwriting. Delays in the milestones of motor development are the foundation of the dysgraphia.
These children have hand weakness, tend to “hug” the wall when in the hallway, and could have a difficult time managing playground equipment.
Their muscle weakness, or low muscle tone, prevents them from tolerating sitting upright at their desk. They end up slouching, lay on their desk, or simply fall off their chair.
The inability to cross midline creates the most unique styles of writing. They move their paper to unusual places. Diagonal lines are minimal.
Students with motor dysgraphia tend to demonstrate gravitational insecurities. These insecurities manifest themselves in alternative letter formation patterns.
Writing letters from bottom up is an example of these insecurities.
They tend to mix upper and lowercase letters.
Their pencils lines can be so faint that they can barely be read due to hand fatigue or so dark that they break pencils often from pushing too hard.
However, they have intact visual and auditory memories and oral spelling is age appropriate.
These are the students that receive many of the adaptive seating and pencil options recommended by occupational therapists. Talk to your local therapists if you have questions.
Looking for more information on Motor Dysgraphia and other Types of Dysgraphia, check out the Book